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User Contributed Notes 23 notes

12 years ago
In response to appletalk at gmail dot com
As many of you may have noticed, DOM parser gives errors if the '&nbsp;' entity is present. The E_WARN message looks like:
Warning: DOMDocument::load() [function.load]: Entity 'nbsp' not defined in ...
There're many ways to solve this:
b) Defining &nbsp;
At the top of the document, after the <?xml?> definition, add:
   <!DOCTYPE xsl:stylesheet [
   <!ENTITY nbsp "&#160;" >
Just wanted to let people know that option b does NOT work. I'm not sure why this isn't implemented correctly, but it isn't, so don't waste your time. It's unfortunate the DOMXSL transform is so much less capable than the old xslt function.
14 years ago
If you're want to use XML from a variable e.g. $xmldata but the XSLT-StyleSheet from a file, you can do it also the following way:

= new xsltProcessor;
mnot at mnot dot net
11 years ago
You can set an HTTP proxy for the XSLT document() function to use (as well as DTD external references) by setting http_proxy in the environment.

E.g., in Apache configuration;

SetEnv http_proxy
adrian at foeder dot de
12 years ago
If you want to use the document()-function inside your XSL stylesheet, please note that you have to use an absolute path there.
Important for windows users: the absolute path *has* to be with forward slashes, so subsitute windows-path-backslashes to forward slashes before you transform the document.

This will NOT work:
<xsl:copy-of select="document('test.xml')" />

This will also NOT work:
<xsl:copy-of select="document('c:\temp\test.xml')" />

But this WILL work:
<xsl:copy-of select="document('c:/temp/test.xml')" />
rd at jerntorget dot se
14 years ago
If you get the following warning message:

xsltApplyOneTemplate: _if_ was not compiled in (if can for example be apply-template or some other method), i've found that the problem seems to be an &nbsp; directly before the <xsl:if> or what ever is causing the problem.

One way to get thru the problem is to use span tags around &nbsp;  like : <span>&nbsp;</span>
emilise dot victor at gmail dot com
10 years ago
Here is a way to get an output without using <xml:message> : use the var_dump function of php :
- First bind the php functions with
<? $xslt->registerPHPFunctions() ?>
and xmlns:php="http://php.net/xsl" in the stylesheet
- Then you can call the var_dump function like this : <xsl:variable name="a" select="php:function('var_dump', $return)" />

I couldn't find a way to call the function and have it really print the result without creating a variable, but well, it's just for debugging...
pb at online-magazin dot at
11 years ago
Calling the Saxon XSLT Processor is a very esay task to do!

You just need to do some simple task

1. Install the JavaBridge for PHP

2. Download the freeware (B) Saxon distribution from http://saxon.sourceforge.net/

3. Put the jar files in a directory whre you have access

4. Use this sample of code

// Directory where the jar files are located
define("SAXON_DIR", $_SERVER['DOCUMENT_ROOT']."/saxonb8.9.0/");

// include the jars

$sXslFile = $_SERVER['DOCUMENT_ROOT']."/myfirst.xsl"; // The xsl file
$sXmlFile = $_SERVER['DOCUMENT_ROOT']."/myfirst.xml"; // The xml file

  $oXslSource = new java("javax.xml.transform.stream.StreamSource", "file://".$sXslFile);
  $oXmlSource = new java("javax.xml.transform.stream.StreamSource", "file://".$sXmlFile);

  $oFeatureKeys = new JavaClass("net.sf.saxon.FeatureKeys");

  // Create the Factory
  $oTransformerFactory = new java("net.sf.saxon.TransformerFactoryImpl");

  //Disable source document validation
  $oTransformerFactory->setAttribute($oFeatureKeys->SCHEMA_VALIDATION, 4);

  // Create a new Transformer
  $oTransFormer = $oTransformerFactory->newTransformer($oXslSource);
  // Create a StreamResult to store the output
  $oResultStringWriter = new java("java.io.StringWriter");
  $oResultStream = new java("javax.xml.transform.stream.StreamResult", $oResultStringWriter);
  // Transform
  $oTransFormer->transform($oXmlSource, $oResultStream);
  // Echo the output from the transformation
  echo java_cast($oResultStringWriter->toString(), "string");
catch(JavaException $e){
   echo java_cast($e->getCause()->toString(), "string");

5. Enjoy

This is working quite well.
Vasil Rangelov
11 years ago
@basslines at gmail dot com
As far as I can tell, the most recent stable versions of LibXML/LibXSLT/LibEXSLT do NOT support xPath 2.0 / XSLT 2.0 transformations. The only support for XSLT 2.0 that I've found is in Java's SAXON processor (http://saxon.sourceforge.net/).

Using SAXON or AltovaXML by using their JAVA bindings could prove to be a difficult task to do, and .NET seems to be buggy (at least for me). However, I've made a class that uses SAXON or AltovaXML from the command line. AltovaXML could also be used with COM, provided it's registered as a COM component.

You can download my wrapper from:

I still need to implement a more graceful error handling (the way the XSL extension uses the Libxml functions), and once the bug
is fixed, I'll implement the .NET interfaces too.

I'll appreciate any feedback.
geoffreyj dot lee at gmail dot com
11 years ago
Here are a couple useful tips for those who care about cross-browser compatibility.


<script type="text/javascript" src="test.js"></script>

XSLT will automatically condense it to:

<script type="text/javascript" src="test.js"/>

While this is good, Internet Explorer breaks on empty script tags. So, the simple solution is to add something to prevent an empty tag. For example:

<script type="text/javascript" src="test.js"><xsl:comment/></script>


<script type="text/javascript" src="test.js">



Also, here is a way to use IE's conditional comments:

<xsl:comment>[if gte IE 5]&#62;
&#60;link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="ie.css" /&#62;


<!--[if gte IE 5]>
<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="ie.css" />

This will let you isolate IE-related CSS without needing to use ugly CSS hacks.
gabriel dot birke at web dot de
11 years ago
Each <xsl:message> tag will generate a PHP error (level Warning). If you want to collect and pretty-print them, you could use a custom error handling function that collects the warnings in a static variable.
12 years ago
Enable libxslt library, PHP 5, under windows:

To Enable:
In your php.ini
1. Uncomment ;extension=php_xsl.dll
2. Change extension_dir to
     extension_dir = "./ext"

To Confirm:
1. In a test.php page:
<?php phpinfo() ?>
2. Run test.php
3. Search for "libxslt Version". It s